To do so, meant bypassing the Cumberland and Pennsylvania railroad which was controlled by the Consolidation Coal company , the largest bituminous coal company in the eastern United States. In , the Baltimore and Ohio railroad had purchased a majority of the Consolidation Coal company's stock, thereby controlling coal exports out of the Georges creek valley  and effectively the "entire output of coal in the state of Maryland.
Three years later in , the Cumberland interests formed the Pennsylvania railroad in Maryland to escape that control.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. S government document. Healey, Vs. Baltimore Daily Record. April 11, Retrieved 6 October No pictures of any of these engines are known to exist. A wheel arrangement is unusual. The Robert Stephenson Patentee locomotive of was of this pattern.
No extant records support the sales of an engine from any of these companies to Eckhart. Winans customarily gave a thirty-day trial period to the purchasers. The engine Mountaineer was delivered on December 1, , and accepted on Jan. The engine Frostburg went into service on Nov. Service on the Eckhart Branch was hard, as evidenced by a series of correspondence with the Winans works in Baltimore in The Braddock had gone into service on July 1, On September 24, they needed the same part for the Eckhart.
The Eckhart had been placed into service on August 1, A frantic telegram on December 9, , emphasizes the need for urgency for shipment of the replacement left-hand crosshead for the Eckhart. The engines Black Monster and Cumberland were at work at that time. It is not known whether the repair work was done at Cumberland, or at Eckhart.
At the opening ceremony of the railroad on Wednesday, May 13, , a special train took the board of directors and guests from Cumberland to Eckhart, and returned.
About two weeks later, an accident occurred on the line near the junction with the Mount Savage Rail Road, at the west end of the Narrows. A dozen passengers were injured when the brakes burned out on the train, and it overturned due to excessive speed.follow site
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Flooding in July also caused extensive damage to the line's lower end. From to , the Winans Camel engines of the Eckhart Railroad eased the heavy coal loads down the mountain, around the horseshoe curve, and through the tunnels to Cumberland. These were the days of manual car brakes , and link-and-pin couplers. Brakemen ran across the tops of cars, in all sorts of weather, to manually set and release the handbrakes. Later, the Camels would haul the empty coal hoppers and the lone passenger car back up the mountain in preparation for another day's work.
The catalog Baldwin was rated at 44, pounds of tractive effort, and grossed , pounds. It was rated for trailing tons on a 3 percent grade. It was a Mallet design, with the high pressure rear cylinders rigidly attached to the frame, and the front low pressure cylinders pivoted, in the manner of a pilot. The high pressure cylinders were 19" x 26"; the low pressure ones were 29" x 26". Baldwin built at least two engines to this design for the Little River Railroad in Tennessee. The first was rejected, and eventually went into logging service on the West Coast. Engine number 23 was selected.
Number 23 was a Mount Savage-built engine that entered service in October For some reason, Sarby was fired a short time later. The engine remained in service until scrapping in July There are no details on the conversion, but if we assume that the cylinders were bored an additional 1", the tractive effort would have increased by about 10 percent.
Boring out the cylinders would have required new pistons, of course. The weight of the unit would not have changed significantly. The steam capacity of the boiler would have been sufficient for the low speed operations of the Eckhart Branch. One of the limitations of the Eckhart Branch, besides the tunnel clearances, curves, and grade was the load capacity of the Wills Creek Bridge, at the West End of the Narrows. This class of engine was noted for its light axle loading, and had no flanges on the main drivers, for negotiating sharp curves. The figure of merit on the Eckhart Branch was the number of empty hoppers that could be pulled uphill.
This figure depends on the rolling resistance of the car, the grade resistance, and the curve resistance.
Photographs & History
The Winans engine could handle 40 hoppers, based on a tare weight of 3 tons for the Winans-designed 6-wheel hoppers in use in The later engines would haul ton capacity hoppers, of tare weight 20 tons. The articulated engine could have handled The later Decapods pulled 28 cars. The brick arch viaduct was built in The r.
Stock certificate from Maryland Mining Company issued in The Maryland Mining Company is a historic coal mining, iron producer and railroad company that operated in Allegany County, Maryland. History This region saw significant industrialization, with the first pig iron to be smelted at Mount Savage, Maryland to the northwest by the Maryland and New York Coal and Iron Company.
New England States
The coal was originally transported by flatboats placed together on the headwaters of the North Branch Potomac River. As part of its operations, the company built the Potomac Wharf Branch rail line from Wills Creek, west of Cumberland, between and , as an extension to its Eckhart Branch Railroad. The following railroads operate in the U. The Potomac Wharf Branch was a historic railroad located in Maryland.
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The Potomac Wharf Branch crossed Wills Creek on a bridge no longer present just east of the present Route 40 road bridge near Cumberland. Rail tracks from this line may still be seen near some billboards, and a gas station in that area. The area near the creek end of present-day Wills Creek Avenue is known as City Junction, and had a water tank and a tower. Rail was removed from the section west of the Valley Street crossing as late as The Potomac Wharf Branch Railroad was an early intermodal experiment to provide easy access for western Maryland coal to the markets of the eastern seaboard.
The The railroad was the first in America to use iron rail that was produced within the country, having to rely on British rail beforehand. Linking Mount Savage to the regional infrastructure Before the railroad linked Mount Savage to Cumberland, Mount Savage had no way of transporting manufactured goods to the rest of the region. It was primarily a coal hauling and freight railroad, with a small passenger train operation.
The WM became a property of the Chessie System holding company in , although it continued independent operations until May after which time many of its lines were abandoned in favor of parallel Baltimore and Ohio Railroad lines. The Mary. The railroad's shops were located at Mount Savage, Maryland, also the location of its headquarters. Savage as an early foundry of iron rail and manufacturer of locomotives in the United States.
The first iron rail rolled in the United States was produc. As of the census it had a population of The town was founded as a company town for the nearby Eckhart Mines. The outcrop of the Pittsburgh coal seam here is known locally as "the big vein" or the "14 foot coal". The Eckhart Mines' location here was the first bituminous coal mine developed in the Georges Creek Valley coalfield, because this is where the National Road now U.
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